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Test Content

Test Options for Students at Different Levels

Depending on school curricula and other factors, young students acquire their English abilities at different times and in different ways.

The TOEFL Primary® program offers three tests to measure a range of skills:

  • the paper-delivered Reading and Listening test — Step 1
  • the paper-delivered Reading and Listening test — Step 2
  • the computer-delivered Speaking test
  • the computer-delivered Writing test

Each test provides reliable scores, and scores from all tests are mapped to Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels. TOEFL Primary Reading scores are also matched to MetaMetrics® Lexile® measures, making it easier to find the books and articles that best match students’ English reading levels.

TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening tests assess students’ knowledge, skills and abilities to fulfill core communication goals in English. They are offered at two levels of proficiency, Step 1 and Step 2, so that you can select an assessment that more closely matches the skills your students have acquired.

The TOEFL Primary Speaking test is designed for students at many different levels of English ability, from beginners through more proficient speakers.

TOEFL Primary Writing Test

The Writing test is intended for Reading and Listening test takers — Step 1 or Step 2 — and covers:

  • Giving simple descriptions
  • Expressing opinions
  • Making appropriate edits
  • Sequencing simple events
  • Writing a short, coherent story


Section Number of Questions Time
Writing 19 30 minutes


Interested in using the TOEFL Primary tests in your program?

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