Scoring and Reporting for TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening Test — Step 1 Scoring
The TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening test — Step 1 is scored locally by ETS Preferred Network offices and features fast turnaround times.
Reading and Listening test — Step 1 scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly. There is no penalty for wrong answers. The number of correct responses in each section is converted to a level of 1–4 Stars and a scale score of 101–109. Step 1 does not assess content in the scale range of 110–115. Proficiency descriptors and recommended next steps for learning are provided for each score. The descriptors and next steps are appropriate for typical students at that score but may not apply to all students. Student ability for each score includes the skills from lower scores.
For more information, download Understanding TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening Score Reports (PDF). This document includes tables outlining proficiency descriptors, Star score levels, scale scores, Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels and corresponding MetaMetrics® Lexile® measures.
Each Step 1 score report provides:
- Information about the student’s current level of English proficiency
- Recommendations about next steps that students should take to improve their English-language abilities
- The CEFR level — each student’s language proficiency in relation to a widely accepted international standard
- Lexile reading measures to help students, teachers and parents select reading material appropriate for a particular student’s English reading ability.
Step 1 Level Descriptors
|4 Out of 4 Stars||Students understand short descriptions, information in signs and short messages.
|3 Out of 4 Stars||Students understand short descriptions and find information in signs, forms and schedules.
|2 Out of 4 Stars||Students begin to understand words and some short descriptions.
|1 Out of 4 Stars||Students begin to recognize some basic words.
They may be able to: