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Scoring and Reporting for TOEFL® Primary™ Reading and Listening Test – Step 2

Scoring

Scoring and Reporting for TOEFL® Primary™ Reading and Listening Test — Step 2 Scoring

The TOEFL® Primary™ Reading and Listening test — Step 2 is scored locally by ETS Preferred Network offices and features fast turnaround times.

Reading and Listening test — Step 2 scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly. There is no penalty for wrong answers. The number of correct responses in each section is converted to level of 1–5 Badges and a scale score of 104–115. Step 2 does not assess content in the scale range of 101–103. Some students may receive 1 Badge and a scale score of 100. It is recommended that these students take Step 1 for better information about their proficiencies in English reading and listening.

Proficiency descriptors and recommended next steps for learning are provided for each score. The descriptors and next steps are appropriate for typical students at that score but may not apply to all students. Student ability for each score includes the skills from lower scores.

For more information, download Understanding TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening Score Reports (PDF). This document includes tables outlining proficiency descriptors, Badge score levels, scale scores, Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels and corresponding MetaMetrics® Lexile® measures.

Score Reports

Each Step 2 score report provides:

  • Information about the student’s current level of English proficiency
  • Recommendations about next steps that students should take to improve their English-language abilities
  • The CEFR level — each student’s language proficiency in relation to a widely accepted international standard
  • Lexile reading measures to help students, teachers and parents select reading material appropriate for a particular student’s English reading ability.

View a sample score report (PDF)

Step 2 Level Descriptors

Reading Comprehension

Level Abilities
5 Out of 5 Stars Students perform exceptionally well on this test.

They can:

  • Understand a wide variety of common and less common words to describe objects, places, people, actions and ideas
  • Comprehend the meaning of complex sentences, paragraphs and longer texts
  • Connect information across several sentences and paragraphs to infer information, identify main ideas and understand the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Identify specific details in longer texts
4 Out of 5 Stars Students understand simple stories and age-appropriate academic texts.

They can:

  • Understand a variety of common words and many less common words about objects, places, people, actions and ideas
  • Comprehend the meaning of complex sentences and paragraphs
  • Connect information in longer sentences and across several sentences to infer information, main ideas and the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Identify specific details in texts
3 Out of 5 Stars Students understand simple stories and are beginning to understand age-appropriate academic texts.

They can:

  • Understand common words and some less common words about objects, places, people, actions and ideas (examples: ring, adventures, whisper, double)
  • Comprehend the meaning of complex sentences (examples: This is a friendly thing to do when you say goodbye. People do this when they talk quietly.)
  • Connect information in longer sentences and across different sentences to infer information, identify main ideas and understand the meaning of unfamiliar words
  • Locate key information in texts
2 Out of 5 Stars Students understand short descriptions and find information in signs, messages and stories.

They can:

  • Understand common words and social expressions (examples: play a game, go to a museum, wave goodbye) Comprehend simple descriptions of current and past events (examples: The mouse is on top of the table. He is washing his hands.)
  • Recognize relationships among words and phrases within familiar categories (examples: food, fruit, strawberries; rain, sky, clouds; one more time, again)
  • Make connections across simple sentences (example: Clouds are in the sky. Rain comes from them. Sometimes they cover the sun.)
1 Out of 5 Stars Students begin to recognize some basic words.

They may be able to:

  • Identify basic vocabulary with visual support

Listening Comprehension

Level Abilities
5 Out of 5 Stars Students perform exceptionally well on this test.

They can:

  • Understand less frequently used words that describe familiar topics, settings and actions
  • Understand messages and stories that include unfamiliar words and some idiomatic expressions
  • Consistently connect information throughout stories and academic talks to infer meaning
  • Identify specific information in longer texts
4 Out of 5 Stars Students understand conversations, simple stories and age-appropriate academic talks.

They can:

  • Understand less frequently used words that describe familiar topics, settings and actions
  • Understand messages and stories that include unfamiliar words and some idiomatic expressions
  • Consistently connect information throughout stories and academic talks to infer meaning
  • Identify specific information in longer texts
3 Out of 5 Stars Students understand basic conversations and simple stories. They begin to understand age-appropriate academic talks.

They can:

  • Understand less common words that describe familiar topics, settings and actions (examples: pocket, pour, lamp, branch)
  • Understand indirect responses to questions in conversations
  • Understand messages in which information is not explicitly stated
  • Connect information to infer main idea or topic of messages, stories, informational texts
  • Synthesize information from multiple locations in a longer, spoken text
2 Out of 5 Stars Students understand basic conversations and messages and begin to understand stories and informational texts

They can:

  • Understand common expressions used in everyday conversations
  • Understand a simple, single instruction spoken in familiar words, with key words repeated
  • Understand the purpose of messages in which key information is repeated
  • Understand the main ideas of simple stories in which key information is explicitly stated and repeated
1 Out of 5 Stars Students begin to recognize a few familiar words in speech such as words for objects, places and people.

They may be able to:

  • Identify familiar words with visual support

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